Are you formula-feeding, exclusively formula-feed or breastfeed and supplement with formula? then choosing the right types of Baby formula milk will be your concern and to choose the right types of Baby formula is not about a ‘Brand name’ or how it is affordable to for you; its require your knowledge about different types of Baby formula milk.

Please note that World health organization ( WHO) recommends that New mums should breastfeed their Babies exclusively for the first six months except the New mum has been medically verified that she’s not fit to breastfeed.

We encourage you to always remember to seek medical advice if you have concerns about your baby’s feeding or you feel you need to switch to formula.

Formula milk also known as baby formula or infant formula is usually made from cows’ milk that has been treated to make it more suitable for babies. Formula milk provides babies with the nutrients they need to grow and develop. However, it doesn’t have the same health benefits as breast milk for you and your baby, for example, it can’t protect your baby from infections.


Tips to help you choose the right types of Baby formula milk

  • Age matters: Make sure you buy the formula for your child’s age range. A formula for a newborn has a different composition of vitamins and minerals than a formula intended for a 6-month old or a toddler.
  • Purchase small quantity: Start by buying just enough formula to last for a week or two. That way, you can see how your baby likes it before you commit to buying a lot.
  • Check for expiration date: Always check the expiration date of the Baby formula before purchase.
  • Seek experts advise: There’s no evidence that switching to a different formula does any good or harm. However, if you think a particular brand of formula disagrees with your baby, talk to your midwife or health visitor. They can help you decide whether to try a different one.
  • Use tap water if it’s safe, or bottled water if you’re not sure. You can also use water that you’ve boiled for at least a minute and cooled. If you’re mixing powder or liquid concentrate with water, pay attention to the measurements — they’re important.
  • Don’t a warm formula in the microwave, which heats things unevenly. Instead, place the bottle in a container of warm water for a few minutes, or run it under a hot tap. Tilt the bottle upward, filling the entire nipple with formula. This helps to keep your baby from swallowing air.
  • Your baby should drink the bottle within an hour after you fix it. Throw away any unused formula. You can mix bottles ahead of time and store them in the fridge for 24 hours.


Types of Baby formula milk suitable for 0 to 6 months old

First infant formula (first Baby milk)

This is the first infant formula and is suitable for birth until you introduce solid foods to your Baby by 6 months and you can also continue to feed your Baby with it until the 12 months. Please note that the cows’ milk in Baby formula contains two types of proteins – whey and casein. First infant formula is based on whey protein and is formulated to be easier to digest than other types of formula.

There are some baby’s first formula that contains more casein than whey and it is normally called Hungrier Baby Formula or Baby’s Hungry Milk. This type of milk is harder for the baby to digest and it is believed that it keeps babies fuller for longer.

Comfort Formula

This contains partly broken down proteins, also called partially hydrolyzed milk protein and It is believed to help babies digest easily and reduces or prevents digestive problems like constipation and colic. But it’s important to note that this formula cannot be given to babies that are allergic to milk.

Lactose-Free Formula

This type of baby milk is formulated for babies that they are lactose intolerant. Lactose is a type of sugar found in milk (including breast milk, other milk and airy too), which needs an enzyme called lactase to enable it to be broken down by the body. Some babies may not have enough of this lactase to help them absorb the lactose in milk and it then makes them uncomfortable by causing wind, bloating, diarrhea and abdominal pain.

Anti-Reflux Formula

This is commonly known as ‘staydown’ milk and is specifically made to prevent reflux in babies. Reflux it’s what happens when baby consistently brings up milk when taking a feed or after a feed. The anti-reflux milk is thickened to prevent this and you can find them with the label ‘anti-reflux’ on any baby milk brand.

Hypoallergenic formula

This is the type of Baby formula milk that is sometimes denoted as ‘HA’ in some brands and it is made for babies that cannot digest or are allergic to the protein in cow’s milk. They are fully hydrolyzed, meaning that the protein in the milk has been fully broken down making it ‘non-existent’. Hypoallergenic milk is suitable for most babies that are allergic to cow’s milk.

choosing the right types of Baby formula milk

Types of Baby formula Milk suitable for 6 months +

Soy Formula

Soy formula is made from soya beans as against cow’s milk. It is normally given to babies that are allergic to cow’s milk.

Follow-on Formula

This is a type of Baby milk formula that is marketed as a specially designed milk that will aid your child’s rapid growth and development between 6 to 12 months. They are mostly enriched with essential vitamins which your child can richly get better by eating nutritious solid food.

At 6 months, you can introduce Nigerian homemade food for your baby and your baby may not really need follow-on milk and can continue with first milk as a main drink if you start making Natural foods from 6 months old.

Goodnight Milk Formula

Goodnight formula is a special one that has cereal added into it and it is believed to make babies sleep well.


It is important to note that after the first birthday of your Baby, you can feed your baby with a normal powdered or whole milk which is great and as well in giving your child healthy meals. Also if you can afford it or you feel your Toddler is not eating a balanced diet meal, you may then introduced the Growing-up or Toddler Milk that is targeted at children aged over one year. Choosing the right types of Baby formula milk is fortified with essential vitamins and minerals necessary for the proper growth and development of kids.


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References: credit:, Babycenter and mayoclinic