One of the reasons women have fertility challenge is due to issue of the irregular period and here this article focuses on how to identify Menstrual irregularity and seek for proper medical support from your health provider.
This article will provide you answers to question like; What is a normal period cycle? And how to tell if menstrual periods are normal or not?
And based on our research, we discovered that you can identify any menstrual irregularity simply by observation and there are five key factors to watch out for.

How to identify an irregular period

Let’s briefly discuss what’s considered a normal period cycle based on each of these factors, and the common types of menstrual irregularities.
1. Signs that the regularity of Your Cycle is normal:
If your menstrual cycle occurs every 21-35 days, it’s considered normal, as long as it’s consistent from month to month.
Please note that not every woman has her period every 28 days like clockwork.
Irregular menstrual Periods:
However, is if your cycle varies from month to month, it would be considered irregular, even if it falls within the 21-35 day range.
Early menstrual Periods:
If your periods come consistently early, so that your cycle is less than 21 days, it would be considered an early period.
Signs that your Periods is Late:
It would be considered a late period if your periods come consistently late so that your period cycle is longer than 35 days.
Bleeding Between Periods:
One irregularity is menstrual bleeding that occurs consistently at about the mid-point of the cycle, around the ovulation time. The bleeding may last 1-2 days or longer.
2. How to know the Duration of Your Periods is normal: The average duration of menstruation lasts between 3 to 7 days, with the most common duration lasting 5 and 6 days.
Long Periods:
If your menstruation lasts longer than 7 days, it’s considered a long period.
Scanty menstrual Periods:
If it lasts less than 3 days, especially with only a small amount of blood, it would be considered a scanty period.
3. Signs to know the amount of Bleeding is normal:
We don’t lose as much blood as many of us may think. The average blood loss during a menstrual cycle is 30-80ml, which is about 2-6 tablespoons.
Heavy Periods (Menorrhagia):
If you have a regular period but your bleeding is heavier than normal, it indicates you are suffering from what is known as menorrhagia (a heavy period).
There are several reasons that can cause heavy bleeding. Some are more serious than others.
If your heavy bleeding is severe enough to interrupt your normal life, WE recommend that you see a gynaecologist and get a pelvic ultrasound scan to rule out the possibility of fibroids or other more serious menstrual conditions.
Scanty/No Periods (Amenorrhea):
If your bleeding is very light or lasts less than 3 days, it would be considered a scanty period.
And if you miss your period for at least three months, you have what is called amenorrhea (no period).
4. How to know the Quality of Your Blood is normal:
The normal colour of menstrual blood is dark red, lighter at the beginning, deep in the middle, and pinkish at the end of the period. The normal flow is neither too thick nor too thin and contains no clots.
Abnormal menstrual cycle:
If your blood is bright red, pale red, or purplish red with dark clots, it may indicate various conditions of to your blood and hormones.
5.  How to know the Degree of Pain is normal:
Some mild cramps in the lower abdomen on the first day of your cycle are considered normal.
And you should enjoy a free flow of energy, and relatively stable mental and emotional states throughout your menstrual cycle (i.e., no wide swings).
Painful Periods (Dysmenorrhea):
However, if your period cramps are severe and hinder your ability to function, and if they occur before, during, and even after your menstruation, you are likely suffering from what is called dysmenorrhea (painful periods).
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS):
If you experience a range of physical, emotional, cognitive and behavioural changes in the 1-2 weeks before your menstruation, you may be suffering from a specific pattern of a hormonal imbalance called PMS.
These are some simple important signs to pay attention to when observing your own menstrual cycle and they will enable you to establish the basis for what’s normal for you and help identify irregularities when they occur and from there, you’ll be more equipped to seek out relevant resources and professional care to help heal your menstrual disharmonies.
We encourage you to learn to listen to the signals your body is sending to enable you to identify the causes of the imbalance, and take steps to restore balance in your system.

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