A pregnancy is divided into Three trimesters:
- the first trimester is from week 1 to the end of week 12
- the second trimester is from week 13 to the end of week 26
- the third trimester is from week 27 to the end of the pregnancy.
The first weeks of your pregnancy are a vital time as your pregnancy gets established. While you get used to being pregnant, your body is busy building a baby. This is exciting moment.
For most women, the first trimester of pregnancy is so time consuming because everything is all so new, exciting and even overwhelming. This is the time to schedule early pregnancy appointments, confirm your pregnancy and have your doctor run tests, talk to your doctor if you feel sick, tired or having strange cravings.
The first trimester begins on the 1st day of your last period and lasts until the end of week 12, but there’s a lot more you need to know…
Week 1: Start taking a daily prenatal vitamin with at least 400 micrograms of folic acid. Quit any unhealthy habits, such as smoking or drinking of alcoholic.
Week 2: Ovulation occurs. For the best chances of getting pregnant, have sex one to two days before your expected ovulation date. Keep (or start) moving. Experts recommend that you exercise for at least 30 minutes on most, if not all, days throughout pregnancy.
Week 3: You may be pregnant but probably won’t have any symptoms. Don’t take any medications, prescription or over-the-counter without checking with your doctor. Keep eating healthy food, and use your Pregnancy supplements.
Week 4: You may be starting to feel bloated, crampy, tired and moody, and experiencing sore breasts, nausea/vomiting and a frequent need to pee. But don’t worry if you’re not, that’s normal. Get an extra supportive bra, especially if your breasts are expanding. Many women grow a full cup size in the first few weeks.
Week 5: Your baby’s tiny face is starting to form – the beginnings of a miniscule nose and eyes are already taking shape. Hairs, Nails and even brain are forming and developing.
Week 6: A heartbeat can usually be heard. The tissue that will become the ribs and the muscles are developing, as are buds which will form into legs and arms. While the baby’s skull is not firm, all of the channels and areas for spinal fluid circulation are now present.
Week 7: With pregnancy hormones increasing, morning sickness may be worsening. Or, you may be ravenous 24/7. If you’re nauseated, try eating several small meals throughout the day, especially ones with ginger and citrus; avoid strong odors; and you may need to wear acupressure wristbands.
Week 8: Here comes a growth spurt: Your little one will double in size this week. Your doctor may look or listen for the baby’s heartbeat with an ultrasound. The baby’s joints are becoming well defined, as are the eyelids, nose, lips, toes and fingers.
Week 9: The pressure of your growing uterus on your bladder may cause you to leak small amounts of urine. The head is folded downward against the chest, hair follicles, gall bladder, pancreas and reproductive organs have formed.
Week 10: While the icky side effects of pregnancy may be starting to abate, your anxiety about having a healthy baby might be increasing.
Week 11: Your bump may start to show soon. Your cravings may run the gamut from cheeseburgers to chalk (really!). Weird non-food cravings are known as pica and can reflect a deficiency in your diet. Nearly all of the foetus’s organs are beginning to function, and genitals begin to take on male or female form.
Week 12: Your uterus has begun to expand outside the protective pelvic bones. Your baby’s bones, muscles and all its organs have formed. Start shopping for maternity clothes.