Colic in Baby

Colic in baby is commonly occurs in 1 in 5 infants. These fussy periods can go on for hours at a time, sometimes late into the night.  it’s extremely difficult to calm a colicky baby, which only compounds your own frustration, worry and exhaustion as a new mom though most babies outgrow it by the time they are 3 to 4 months old.

Colic in Baby is not a disease or diagnosis but a combination of baffling behaviors. It’s really just a catch-all term for problem crying in otherwise healthy babies. Doctors usually diagnose infant colic based on the “rules of three.” Your baby’s is crying:

  • Lasts at least three hours at a stretch
  • Occurs at least three days a week
  • Persists for at least three weeks in a row

Of course, some babies are colic overachievers, wailing for far more hours, days and even weeks at a time.

In the meantime, a little knowledge and a lot of patience will help you survive until the storm subsides.

Symptoms and Signs of Colic in Baby

How do you know for sure if your baby’s colicky? In addition to the rules of three, here are a few further colic signs and symptoms:

  • Crying occurs at the same time every day (usually in the late afternoon or early evening, but it can vary).
  • Crying seems to occur for no reason (not because baby has a dirty diaper or is hungry or tired).
  • Baby may pull up his legs, clench his fists and generally move his legs and arms more.
  • He also often will close his eyes or open them very wide, furrow his brow, even hold his breath briefly.
  • Bowel activity may increase, and he may pass gas or spit up.
  • Eating and sleeping are disrupted by the crying — baby frantically seeks a nipple only to reject it once sucking has begun, or dozes for a few moments only to wake up screaming.

Causes of Colic in Baby

The cause of colic is unknown. It may result from numerous contributing factors. While a number of causes have been explored, it’s difficult for researchers to account for all the important features, such as why it usually begins late in the first month of life, how it varies among infants, why it happens at certain times of day and why it resolves on its own in time.

Possible contributing factors that have been explored include:

  • Digestive system that isn’t fully developed
  • Imbalance of healthy bacteria in the digestive tract
  • Food allergies or intolerances
  • Overfeeding, underfeeding or infrequent burping
  • Early form of childhood migraine
  • Family stress or anxiety

Comforting your baby

Babies also respond differently to movements and stimuli. Other things that can help soothe your baby include:

  • Providing extra skin-to-skin contact.
  • Swaddling your baby.
  • Singing to your baby.
  • Giving your baby a warm (not hot) bath or putting a warm towel on their stomach.
  • Massaging your baby (ask your doctor for guidelines).
  • Providing white noise, such as a fan, vacuum cleaner, washing machine, hair dryer, or dishwasher.
  • Giving your baby a pacifier.
  • Going for a walk with your baby in their stroller.
  • Going for a drive with your baby in their car seat.
  • Giving your baby simethicone drops. This over-the-counter medicine can help relieve gas.

Sources : Mayoclinic and webmd