Basically, Natural Family planning (NFP) involves methods used to decide the number and spacing of children and to postpone conception as to a time that is personally desirable without Pills or drugs.
Many women who have used contraceptive family planning methods have their specific efficacies, possible side effects and their mode of preventing pregnancies but according to Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria (PPFN), Fertility awareness methods (FAMs) means ways to track your ovulation so you can prevent pregnancy. FAMs are also called “natural family planning” and “the rhythm method.”
Fertility awareness methods help you track your menstrual cycle so you’ll know when your ovaries release an egg every month (this is called ovulation).
There are a few different FAMs that help you track your fertility signs. You can use 1 or more of these methods to predict when you’ll ovulate:
- The Temperature Method: you take your temperature in the morning every day before you get out of bed.
- The Cervical Mucus Method: you check your cervical mucus (vaginal discharge) every day.
- The Calendar Method: you chart your menstrual cycle on a calendar.
It’s most effective to combine all 3 of these methods. When used together, they’re called the symptothermal method.
- The Standard Days Method is a variation on the calendar method. You track your menstrual cycle for several months to figure out if your cycle is always between 26 and 32 days long — you can’t use this method if it’s longer or shorter. Once you’ve established that your cycle is in the right range, you use another form of birth control (or don’t have vaginal sex) on days 8-19, which is when you’re fertile.
How effective Natural family planning can vary widely, depending on the method used, whether the user was trained properly, and how carefully they followed the protocol. Pregnancy can result in anywhere from 1 to 25% of the user population per year for users of the symptoms based or calendar-based methods, depending on the method used and how carefully it was practised. If perfectly practised, pregnancy rates can be as low as 1% per year; if imperfectly practised, as high as 25%.
- Wild carrot seeds: Wild carrot seeds (Daucus Carota), also called Queen Anne’s Lace, have been used for natural family planning for centuries as a contraceptive. They’re completely safe, natural, do not disrupt your cycle, and may even be growing in your backyard.
During ovulation days, take the first dose of wild carrot seeds within 8-24 hours after intercourse, and then up to 2 more times afterwards; this equals a total of 3 times within a minimum of 24 hours and a maximum of 72 hours. You can chew the seeds, take the tincture, or steep in hot water and drink as a tea.
Wild carrot seeds that are consumed during the time of ovulation subtly increase your progesterone level for the 72 hours that the herb is introduced. When you stop taking the herb, the progesterone level drops and then sends a signal to the body to let it know that the fertilized egg should not be implanted.
- Papaya seed drink
In traditional South Asian and Southeast Asian cultures, eating a teaspoon of papaya seeds a day has long been proven to be an effective contraceptive and Natural family planning method. It can cut a man’s sperm count to zero and is safe for long-term use.
This method takes three months of a daily intake of papaya seeds before it is effective. One of the great benefits of this method is its reversibility – if the man stops taking the seeds his sperm count will return to normal.
For an easy-to-consume drink, blend a teaspoon of papaya seeds with sweet fruits such as papayas or bananas.The urine kitTracking Ovulation indicator
Ovulation prediction kits are designed to measure the amount of hormone in the body – hence they can predict when a woman is most likely to ovulate.
Begin testing your urine 2-3 days before you expect to ovulate based on your previous monthly cycle. Urinate onto a test stick and the amount of luteinizing hormone will be indicated by a colour change.
The intensity of the colour is proportional to the amount of luteinizing hormone in your urine which increases 20-48 hours before ovulation and can be detected 8-12 hours later.
The saliva kit
The saliva kit has a hand-held magnification lens that allows you to check the pattern of your saliva. Hormones filter into saliva and during fertility, a pattern that looks like a fern can be seen in saliva under a high powered magnification lens.
Just prior to or during fertile days, estrogen levels in saliva will typically dry into a fern pattern just like cervical mucus. During non-fertile days only random and shapeless dots will be visible.
- Exclusive breastfeeding: When you exclusively breastfeed — meaning you nurse at least every 4 hours during the day and every 6 hours at night, and feed your baby only breast milk — your body naturally stops ovulating. You can’t get pregnant if you don’t ovulate. No ovulation means you won’t have your period, either. That’s why breastfeeding-as-birth control is also called the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM). “Lactational” refers to breastfeeding, and “amenorrhea” means not having your period.
- Abstinence from Sex means different things depending on who you ask. Many people say abstinence is not doing ANY kind of sexual stuff with another person, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex — that’s what we’re calling abstinence here. Abstinence prevents pregnancy by keeping semen away from the vagina, so the sperm cells in semen can’t get to an egg and cause pregnancy. If you’re abstinent 100% of the time, pregnancy can’t happen. People sometimes only use abstinence to prevent pregnancy on days they’re fertile (most likely to get pregnant), but they may have vaginal sex at other times.
- Pulling out (withdrawal)
Pulling out (also known as withdrawal) is a Natural family planning way to prevent pregnancy by keeping semen away from the vagina. Withdrawal works best when you use another birth control method with it, like a condom but the best way to make the pull out method effective is to use it with another type of birth control. For the withdrawal to work as well as possible, you must do it right every single time. Always. So always pull out BEFORE ejaculation, and always make sure to ejaculate (cum) away from your partner’s genitals. This is important because pregnancy can happen if even a little bit of semen gets in the vagina.
Which of the above natural family planning methods are you using and how effective they are?